What is a smart city and where this concept has already been implemented
Trends Technologies / / December 19, 2019
The smart city is different from the usual
Approaches to the concept of "smart city" vary, but under this almost always understand the concept of locality, stuffed things Internet technologies. The essence of the Internet of Things - in the relationship between a device and the outside world without the participation and for the benefit of man. The simplest example - street lighting is activated when the lack of natural.
The purpose of smart cities - to make the life of citizens easier and safer, as well as to save the city money and space. For example, with smart street lights of the city are as safe at night, as well as with conventional, with funds being spent on electricity is minimal: the light does not burn in vain, until it got dark.
Ideally, the smart city of the future technology meet residents at every step, to form a single ecosystem and was responsible for all aspects of human life, from transportation by public transport to processing garbage.
What makes a city smart
The single database will help correlate and use different information when needed. For example, when calling to phone number 112 rescue service can obtain information on the whereabouts of the victim and the hospital at admission - it medknizhki. And if the street someone shoots a gun, the information may be automatically provided the police with the suspect image with the camera.
Universal city app
All citizens desired data can be integrated in the application. Through smart city resident will be able to call a taxi, pay the bills, to tell the authorities about a pothole on the road to find out where is the plug and there are free parking spaces. A similar program already working, for example, in Chicago.
Tesla, Uber and Google are ready to use their technology on the road, and unmanned vehicles that read road markings someday displace manually operated vehicle. But in the smart city can all work differently: the drones will be merged6 ways cities will become smarter in 2017 in one network and route planning will proceed from the mutual location. It should be safer. Unmanned vehicles will also be able to obtain advance information on road accidents and free parking spaces.
Research of the American Society of intelligent transport revealedThat 30% of traffic jams occur because of a long search by motorists parking spaces. The concept of smart city speeds up the process by using an application. Special sensors are accurate to the second measure the parking time the corresponding amount of money from the card can be removed automatically. Parking sensors are used in many cities in the US and Europe: the first system introduced Paris and Kansas City.
We have already talked about the street lights that turn on when it gets dark. But the concept of smart city and suggests a more interesting scenario. For example, in the US San Antonio lights along transport arteries shine a little brighter after the rain. So drivers can see the road better when increasing the likelihood of skidding.
Caring about the environment - an important point smart city concept, so almost all the projects given to alternative methods of electricity production. Compact solution are considered urban and private solar panels. For example, in the smart city Fujisawa (Fujisawa Sustainable Smart Town) such panels are installed on each home.
In Chicago, a high resolution camera is inserted into the street lights and is used to provide security in public places. In San Antonio, he found another use: convicted citizens do not have to go to court to be noted is enough to show in one of the special booths with a camera.
Smart public transportation
movement intervals - not all of the buses the information you can find in the smart city. Internet of things technology developed in the Russian cities. For example, in Moscow on the scoreboard stops showing how many minutes will arrive right machine. Also, for the movement of buses can be monitored in the "Yandex. Transport ".
These devices are not intelligent building work as conventional smoke detectors. More precisely, as exemplified byNo one's home, but these smoke detectors are listening US Louisville, smart sensors are paired with classic. They are used in abandoned buildings, where there is a risk of fire, which will affect the surrounding buildings. In these devices, there is a solar panel, a microphone and a simple communication module. When the microphone picks up the siren conventional sensor, an SMS is sent to the fire firefighters and neighbors.
The most popular example - urns BigbellyThat set in America. Due to their design, they do not spoil the ambient air is not swarming rodents in them, but the main thing - they send out notices of garbage services when filling.
In many American cities are set shots sensors ShotSpotter. They can identify the number of shooters, and their exact location at the time of the shot, and even the type of weapon. All data is sent to the police.
One of the principles of smart city - openness. This applies to the willingness to share experience and desire to share information with citizens. For example, in website London City Hall people available data on transport, environmental indicators and other statistics obtained including using intelligent sensors.
How does a city that can be called smart
We have already said that a clever towns imply very different settlements. The project is, for example, in Moscow: the allegedlyMoscow 2030 - smart city That it would be technologically smart by 2030. Many relevant innovation introduced in the big cities of America, Asia and Europe, Singapore, Dubai, Barcelona, Louisville, Chicago. But the ideal smart city in a vacuum, albeit a small and newly built, can be called Fujisawa - Japanese policy, created by Panasonic.
Its area - 19 hectares. On it are houses centered around the cultural center, parks, playgrounds and shops. Part solar batteries provide power.
Street lights are equipped with motion sensors: light becomes brighter when approaching a pedestrian or a car.
Each house is connected to the TV system of the city. With it, people can not only watch TV but also rent electric or electric bike.
Special attention is paid to safety. Using the same television system instantly residents will be warned about the earthquake, and in the case off the city from the outside world Fujisawa be able to provide themselves with electricity and hot water for three days.
The project's website has news section. In Fujisawa always something going on, for example, on June 15 at a local cultural center was your day health, and on 1 July in the demo mode has earned a new online service for communication between patients and pharmacists.
Panasonic believes that the most important thing in Fujisawa - this is not high-tech, and caring about the environment and chat with neighbors. According to the creators, the man without a personal car can just ask the neighbor's electric car and not use the rental.
The city has a smart home, designed for the emergence of a family of newborn operate the nursery. At the same time preparing for Fujisawa and aging of its citizens: for senior citizens provided for apartment buildings with social workers. It is believed that the city fully manifest itself when three generations pass through it - a hundred years.
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