The alignment of the teeth: they do not spend time and money for nothing
Health / / December 19, 2019
Chief physician of the International Orthodontic Invisalign Center, Moscow.
If you ever watched the American teen comedy, then strap on teeth surely you associate with the image of a loser and botany, and getting rid of them - the first step towards transforming the ugly duckling into a swan. Alas, the transformation occurs during wearing braces, and this process is quite lengthy. But technology does not stand still, today dentistry offers many options for teeth alignment.
So whether you need to align the teeth?
The current trend toward self-acceptance and the imperfections of the body, of course, is quite useful. Chasing the ideal of the picture, of course, is not necessary. But the curvature of dentition - a problem both aesthetic and functional.
fraught crooked teeth smile not only unattractive, but also speech disorders (notorious defect diction) microtraumas oral mucosa, incorrect load distribution during chewing resulting in excessive abrasion of the enamel, and microcracks are formed on its surface. Also, the curvature of dentition can provoke migraine, jaw clicking, bruxism (Uncontrolled teeth grinding), problems with the temporomandibular joint due to excessive stresses the lower jaw. In case of severe distortions of deteriorating quality of chewing food, which is why suffering gastro-intestinal tract.
Probability and psychological problems: low self-esteem, stress due ridicule peers when it comes to teenagers.
whether cases helps installation of braces at all?
If we are talking about the curvature of dentition (projecting forward or, conversely, recessed teeth; increased intervals between the front (diastema) and the side (of three) teeth; An exploded position of some of the teeth; cross bite), any way alignment, whether vestibular, lingual braces or aligners, the correct approach and compliance with all recommendations of the doctor patient necessarily will help.
If problems at the level of dentition combined with malocclusion at the level of the jaw, a competent and experienced professional at the first reception appoint additional research (mostly X-ray) and will determine which orthodontic system to cope better with your problem. You may need to install additional intra-oral traction.
In severe cases, combined with malocclusion may require the intervention of the surgeon.
Alas, with all the possibilities of modern orthodontics, there are more such cases where no Maxillofacial Surgery bite is not correct. That is why it is so important to go to the proven specialist who will not be wasting your money and time (treatment with applying braces usually takes from six months to two years) and will refer you to another doctor, if necessary. However, fortunately, most of the problems with the bite, not to mention the distortion level of dentition, are successfully solved by the installation of braces or aligners worn.
What orthodontic system more efficient?
From a functional point of view, all orthodontic systems are equally effective and reliable. The difference between the two is by and large in comfort. The more modern system, so it is more aesthetic and more comfortable. It is not difficult to guess that the comfort and aesthetic value are proportional.
The choice of the orthodontic structure should be based on the following factors:
- How important to you look? (It should be remembered that even the metal braces today is not a sentence, they are much more aesthetic of its predecessor two decades ago.)
- How much time are you willing to wear a design?
- What are your financial capacity?
When it is too early to wear braces, and when it is too late?
We have to admit that the situation in Russia and in the world at a very low. According to various statistics, have a problem with a bite varying degrees of severity up to 80% of the world's population. If today you will meet a man with absolutely smooth dentition, most likely, he went orthodontic treatment.
The formation of malocclusion and the curvature of the dentition is affected by many factors, from ecology to heredity, but the most serious problems arise due to incorrect bottle-feeding and bad habits in infancy, such as suckling finger.
Therefore, at the first appointment with the orthodontist child I should get up to 5 years.
Braces at this age still do not wear, but a competent physician will have to determine whether the child in the future with a bite problems. If you have seen serious violations, help removable structures: plates or trainers. The doctor will determine what kind of impact you need.
With regard to treatment with non-removable constructions (brackets) and aligners, you can start as soon as the bite is fully formed, and the milk teeth will be replaced by permanent. Wait for the eruption of eights, the so-called wisdom teeth, it is not necessary.
But the upper limit does not exist. Even seniors teeth alignment is not contraindicated, and successful treatment is spent at times it improves the quality of life.
Do I need to install the bracket to remove the teeth, such as the Group of Eight?
Respond to this question can only orthodontist after inspection and radiographic examination. However, removal of teeth, whether wisdom teeth or fangs, it is for the installation of orthodontic appliances is not always required. If there is severe overcrowding, you may have to get rid of eights, but most likely, they do not interfere with treatment.
What is the difference braces and when each of them is preferable?
As already mentioned above, the difference is in the level of aesthetics and comfort. The simplest (and affordable) braces - metal. Not very conscientious doctors continue to call them the most reliable, but it is not so: on the reliability of the same sapphire brackets in no way inferior metal. But first things first.
Metal braces noticeable others. But if you do not mind the fact that others will in the course of your treatment, today there are many ways to decorate clips: rhinestones, colorful rezinochki ligatures, and more.
Metal braces are often recommended to young people, since they do not differ zeal in daily hygiene. As for comfort, the metal braces have to get used to, they can injure the inner surface of the lips (in this case, the doctor will prescribe a special tool). You will need a special V-shaped toothbrushesAnd monopuchkovye Yorshik or brushes for cleaning the braces themselves.
During treatment, some products have to be excluded from the diet, and hard fruits and vegetables will not be able to bite off, will need to be cut into slices.
Ceramic braces are more expensive and much more aesthetic metal. They are less visible on the teeth, as made in the color of your enamel, and their arch can be painted.
Some discomfort at first, you will also experience, but when the adjustment period will be held, an inconvenience, you will only be delivered to special dietary restrictions.
As for the care of teeth with ceramic brackets, it must be remembered that the plaque around them will be much more noticeable than when wearing metal structure, so you will need a more thorough daily hygiene and more frequent visits to the professional sessions cleaning.
A special kind of ceramic brackets - sapphire. They are fully transparent and much like most, however, fundamental differences from the ceramic does not.
Keep in mind that, no matter what type of braces you together with your doctor choose, you'll have to certain periodicity to come to "lift" - adjusting the pressure to move teeth into the desired direction.
And one more life hacking... teeth after orthodontic treatment will never return to its original position in one case only: if after removing the brackets on the rear surface teeth It will set a retainer - a thin invisible wire, not giving the teeth move to the previous position.
About the retainer, doctors still argue whether to wear it for the rest of life is necessary, or sufficient period twice the period braces socks. In any case, without a retainer svezheperedvinutye teeth can coasting back to the usual situation, and all treatment will come to naught. Incidentally, the retainer is not felt on the teeth.
But lingual braces - orthodontic design, is mounted on the rear surface of the teeth - you'll feel the first time. Lingual system completely invisible on the teeth, and as effective as the vestibular (fastened on the front surface of the teeth), but getting used to them may take a little longer, especially suffer diction.
Is there an alternative to braces?
braces alternative exists, and it aligners - the most modern and comfortable method of teeth straightening. The main difference from the aligners braces - they can be removed if necessary.
Aligners - it's completely transparent, completely invisible on the teeth caps that you are shooting at mealtimes. Therefore, no dietary restrictions are not necessary. If necessary, you can remove them before any important event, but it is needless: see aligners in your mouth will only work with this system and orthodontist unless specifically glance your mouth.
Also transparent caps do not require any additional sanitary fixtures. You just shoot them, clean teeth ordinary brush and paste, and aligners rinse it under running water and, if necessary, clean the same brush.
On the effectiveness of aligners are not inferior to conventional braces, but only under two conditions:
- Capa's teeth should be at least 20-22 hours a day.
- Kits should timely change. During each visit, your doctor will give you a few pairs of cap and tell when they need to be changed.
Another advantage of aligners - predictable result. Even at the planning stage of treatment with the help of a special computer program, you can see how your teeth will move. Naturally, the treatment with aligners is the most expensive method of alignment of the teeth, but these attachments are justified comfort, aesthetic appearance and predictable result.
Whatever your financial opportunities and aesthetic requirements, choose the right orthodontic appliances, to determine the exact timing of the treatment, to find out whether the required additional surgical intervention, may only orthodontist. We must remember that an experienced and competent doctor, even with the most ordinary metal braces can ultimately achieve the perfect result. That is why it is so important to find a good hospital and good doctors.