How to reduce the risk of cancer
Health / / December 19, 2019
"Lung cancer is most often caused by smoking. Skin cancer - because of the constant exposure to the sun. Cervical cancer - due to HPV - says Gregory Masters, MD, a practicing physician Cancer Center in Newark, Delaware. - A geneticist at a modest 10-15% of cases. "
What follows from this? What's the best way to protect yourself - take care of their way of life. To get started, follow the tips that can help protect themselves from the disease.
1. Absolutely, categorically prohibited to smoke
This truth is already everyone is sick. However, quitting smoking reduces the risk of developing all types of cancer. With smoking bind 30% of deaths from cancer. In Russia, Lung tumors kill more people than all the other organs of the tumor.
Tobacco exception of his life - the best prevention. Even if you do not smoke a pack a day, but only half the risk of lung cancer has decreased by 27%, as the American Medical Association found. The smoke less, the better. How to quit, read on Layfhakere.
2. Often see on the scales
Extra weight will affect not only at the waist. The American Institute for Cancer Research has found that obesity provokes the development of tumors of the esophagus, kidney and gall bladder. The fact that adipose tissue is not only for the conservation of energy reserves, it has more and secretory Function: fat produces proteins that influence the development of chronic inflammation in the body. A cancer just appear in the background of inflammation. If you reduce obesity leads to cancer.
In Russia 26% of all cases of cancer WHO links with obesity.
Keep your weight in a healthy framework difficult. Fast food is sold on every corner, is inexpensive, and sit in front of a TV or computer screen is easier than to play sports. From time to time stand on the scales and make sure that the body mass index did not exceed 25 points.
3. Take the training at least half an hour a week
Sport stands on the same level with proper nutrition when it comes to preventing cancer. In the US, one third of all deaths attributed to the fact that patients do not comply with any diet and did not pay attention to physical education. The American Cancer Society recommends 150 minutes of exercise a week at a moderate pace or two times smaller, but more active. However, a study published in the journal Nutrition and Cancer in 2010, proves that even 30 minutes is enough to reduce the risk of breast cancer (which is subject to one in eight women in the world) 35%.
Physical activity by itself is beneficial. It helps maintain a healthy weight and prevent the factors of development of malignant tumors.
4. less alcohol
Alcohol is charged with occurrence of tumors of the oral cavity, larynx, liver, colon and mammary glands. Ethanol decomposes in the body to acetaldehyde, which then moves under the action of enzymes in acetic acid. acetaldehyde same is the strongest carcinogen.
Especially women alcohol as harmful, since it stimulates the production of estrogen - hormones influencing the growth of breast tissue.
Excess estrogen leads to the formation of breast tumors, which means that every extra sip of alcohol increases the risk of disease.
From a couple of glasses of wine a week, serious harm will not be, but the daily consumption of alcohol is fraught with oncological diseases.
5. Like broccoli
Vegetables are not only included in a healthy diet, they also help fight cancer. Including so on healthy eating recommendations contained rule: Half the daily diet should be fruits and vegetables. Especially useful vegetables belonging to crucifers, which contain glucosinolates - a substance that, when processing gain anti-cancer properties. These vegetables include cabbage: the usual cabbage, Brussels sprouts and broccoli. it was found that glucosinolates reduced the growth of abnormal cells in the cervical mucus in the journal Gynecologic Oncology 2000 study year.
Other vegetables that help fight cancer:
- Tomatoes. Contain lycopene - antioxidant, which blocks the action of free radicals.
- Eggplant. Contain nasunin also has antioxidant properties.
The more you eat vegetables, the less put in a bowl of red meat. research confirmedThat people who ate more than 500 grams of red meat per week, higher risk of cancer of the rectum.
6. Stock up on sunscreen
Women aged 18-36 years are especially prone to melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer. In Russia only 10 years, the incidence of melanoma has increased by 26%, the global statistics show an even greater increase. In this accused and equipment for artificial tanning and sun rays. The danger can be minimized with a simple tube of sunscreen. publications study Journal of Clinical Oncology in 2010 confirmed that people who regularly causing a special cream, ill melanoma is two times less than those who neglect such cosmetics.
Patricia Ganz, MD, University of California
The cream should be chosen with a protection factor of SPF 15, apply it even in the winter, and even in cloudy weather (procedure should turn in the same habit as brushing teeth), and are not substituted by sunrays from 10 to 16 hours.
By itself, stress does not cause cancer, but it weakens the whole body and creates conditions for the development of this disease. Studies have shown that constant anxiety alters the activity of immune cells responsible for the inclusion of a mechanism "hit and run". As a result, blood is constantly circulating large amounts of cortisol, monocytes and neutrophils, which are responsible for inflammatory processes. And as already mentioned, chronic inflammatory processes can lead to the formation of cancer cells. Fortunately, all the ways that eliminate stress - from yoga to turn off office phone after leaving office - to help restore immune cells to normal. At rest your body - it's not the most welcoming place for oncology.
8. final test
Research and screenings do not help protect against cancer, but it signaled the appearance of danger signs (such as polyps in the intestine or suspicious moles). The American Cancer Society recommends starting the test when you turn 20 years (in Russia it makes sense to take seriously the clinical examination). Women need time to take the Pap smear for cervical cancer every three years, and after the fortieth do a mammogram every year. Research on colorectal cancer is required after 50 years. The earlier the disease, the easier it is to cure.