These plants are known less dangerous nettle, although many of them burn much more. In this case, they can be found in your favorite park, along the sidewalk, on which you go to work, on a green lawn, where you decide to have a picnic.
1. cow parsnip Sosnowski
This giant "dill" with large white inflorescences on thick stems can reach three meters in height. You see this - do not come close.
juice hogweed It contains furanocoumarins, which deprive the skin protection from ultraviolet radiation. Therefore, in the affected areas appear burns and large blisters even under the warm morning or evening sun. If the juice gets on the mucous membranes of eyes, and can cause blindness.
Fair to say that there are also non-hazardous types of Hogweed. Some of them even eat. For example, for the preparation of borscht, hence the name.
But if you are not a geek and are not sure what specific umbrellas and located underneath the stems and leaves are harmless, it is better not to risk it.
2. Pasternak meadow
This is also the umbrella plant. However, smaller buds and pale yellow in color. Juice and pollen comprises parsnipParsnip psoralens - substances that, as furanocoumarins from hogweed, increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight. The result - burns (Stripes, spots, rash, blisters), stood at the affected site within days of exposure. The most dangerous parsnip is considered in the flowering period, ie in July - August.
The name sounds gentle, even touching, but it's a plant - only superficially flower (yes, zholtenky, beautiful). Berries begin after contact.
Poisonous juice buttercupBUTTERCUP gives serious irritation of the skin - with itching and blisters. Once in the mouth and nose, flower pollen provokes coughing and laryngeal spasms.
So gather buttercup bouquets and sniff them totally not worth it.
4. Larkspur (Delphinium)
This plant is also from insidious buttercup family, although it seems that his tall, covered with small blue and purple flowers stalks does not look like a buttercup.
In contact with skin and pollen larkspur juice can cause irritation - the kind that comes in contact with stinging nettles.
Sometimes delphinium flowers are bred as decorative. In this case, working with them only with gloves, as well as to drive away from the flowers of children and pets.
5. Lumbago (sleep-grass)
Another relative of the outwardly harmless, but predatory buttercup. Its juice contains toxic alkaloids that cause inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Therefore, it is desirable to tear the like florets gloves.
6. Poison oak
This is a beautiful shrub with almost glossy, fried juice leaves it belongs to the genus tox - "Toxic Trees", if literally translated the name from the Latin.
Its leaves and stems contain urushiol oilAllergies to Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac. It irritates the skin and can cause severe allergies - itchy red rash with bumps and blisters.
According to experts from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), severe reactions even requirePOISONOUS PLANTS emergency medical care.
7. Poison ivy
The closest relative of poison oak, and the habits of his same. To distinguish it from other ivy simple: each branch ends with the three poisonous glossy leaves. Depending on the season, the leaves can be both green and beautiful yellow, orange and even red.
8. Fraxinella (burning bush)
Fraxinella forms a slender bush with many beautiful inflorescences and often used as a decorating gardens. But this showy plant is dangerous. When ripe it seeds of a huge number of stands essential oil. If you bring to the plant a match over it Catching Fire. Thus he fraxinella not suffer. This curious feature was the reason for the appearance of the second name - the burning bush.
Yasentsu touch without gloves and clothing can not be closedBURNING BUSH. Immediately you will not feel anything, but about a day on the affected area of skin may appear burns with blisters. Later bubbles burst, and in their place will remain scars.
All kinds of this vast genus of plants sometimes very different from each other: some are like wildflowers, others - on the cacti... unites all members of one thing: the acrid milky juice, which gave the old title.
This juice is toxicKeratouveitis caused by Euphorbia plant sap. On the skin, it leaves burns, and hitting the mucous eye, causes a sharp burning and temporary blindness. Later symptoms may occur such as temperature, Discomfort and swelling.
10. castor bean
This plant - source castor oil. But while cooking oil castor fruit are powerful steam treatment, which destroys the toxins they contain. But if toxins are not removed, there can be problems.
You can touch the tong. But pluck it not worth it if you accidentally damage the skin of fruits, you can get all the dose of ricin. Once in the mouth (eg, poorly washed hands), this substance can causeA Case of Castor Bean Poisoning to the development of gastroenteritis, including fatal. Additional side effects - neurological disorders and lesions of the mucous eye.
How to make sure that before you a poisonous plant
Distinguish dangerous from the plant is difficult to secure. Often, this task can handle unless a professional botanist. So advice here is one: if in doubt, do not approach.
Barrister PlantNet can use the application. Simply take a picture of the plant, select your location (to speed up the search) - and most likely will get the name of your flower.
What if touched a poisonous plant
- As soon as possible, rinse the skin with running water or at least wipe with a damp cloth.
- Apply on affected area antihistamine cream to reduce irritation symptoms.
- Take an antihistamine. You can use any, just follow the instructions precisely.
- When it comes in contact with plants that increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight, the next a few days, try to hide from the sun: spend more time indoors and wear clothes with long sleeves.
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