Symptoms of a heart attack, for which you need to call an ambulance
Educational Program Health / / December 19, 2019
Myocardial infarction often die, and irreversible change of heart appears within 20 minutes after the attack. Therefore, we must act very quickly.
Where does a heart attack
Myocardial infarction - is necrosis (necrosis) of heart tissue. He appears when the muscle is not enough oxygen due to narrowing of the arteries feeding it.
To coronary heart disease was transformed into a heart attack, and sometimes do not need any precipitating factors: wake up and get out of bed is enough. When stress or exertion unusual risk increases.
How to understand that this is a heart attack
The main symptom - severe chest pain, which sometimes spreads to the left arm under the left shoulder blade. The pain can be different: in the chest crushes, burns, bursting. Along with the pain comes the fear, people worried, clutching his heart.
There are other symptoms that vary depending on the type of heart attack:
- A person lacking air such as at an attack of asthma, but preparations of facilitating breathing becomes not better.
- Man is weak, pale, cold hands and feet.
- Developing an arrhythmia.
- Stomach ache, vomiting begins.
- Man loses balance weakens, there are signs of stroke.
Pinpoint, had a heart attack or not, should doctors use the ECG.
What if it's a heart attack
If the person next to you got sick and you suspect a heart attack:
- Place the patient. The position should be a semi-sitting.
- Call an ambulance. You need to drop off as soon as possible the person to the hospital.
- Undo uncomfortable clothes.
- Open the window or otherwise provide fresh air.
- Measure the pressure. If it is raised, put a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue. If not become easier, you can give a second tablet in 5 minutes. More than three times can not be given nitroglycerin.
- Give chew an aspirin.
- If systolic (upper) pressure below 110 mm Hg. Art., do not give anything.
- Try to calm the patient.
- Tell doctor came, when the attack began to complain about a person if you give tablets, which and how many.
How to protect against heart attack
Heart attack often strikes people over 50 years. At risk are also more young men and those with a family already there were cases of heart attack.
And even before the serious heart problems smoking brings, love of alcohol, high blood pressure, excess weight, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle, if a little move, any physical activity will excessive.
With genetics, age and gender did not argue, but a way of life we choose. It is very boring preventive prescription, but others do not work.