Pot in a certain amount - a constant companion of heat and intense exercise. But someone is sweating in a modest, almost imperceptible, and someone goes to the full program: moisture instantly permeates the t-shirt or shirt, and sometimes even dripping with it.
Such excessive sweating is called hyperhidrosis.
Where does hyperhidrosis
Sweat - is not a disease. Much sweat - too. Physicians include hyperhidrosis is not a disease, but to the individual needs of the person. And that's why.
The entire surface of our body is covered sweat glands. They produce the moisture needed to maintain normal body temperature. If the round is not too hot, and we are not very active, the daily amount of water evaporating from the skin is about 0.5 liters. At higher ambient temperatures and / or intensive physical exercise this volume increases and may reach 10 liters a day.
Number of perspiration our body regulates nerve impulses and hormonal composition of the blood. Sweat glands respond to these signals in two ways:
- Increase or decrease the amount of sweat produced.
- Disclosed (active emitting moisture to the skin surface) or closed.
Normally, it looks like this. Body temperature crept up, the thermoregulatory center in the brain recorded growth, gave the necessary signals and glands responded: increased production of sweat and open. On the surface of the skin is wet and has been actively evaporate. Body temperature decreased - reduced production of sweat glands and closed.
The most common hyperhidrosis of the underarms, palms, feet, legs, because in these areas the largest number of sweat glands.
But in some cases this system works is not entirely correct. For example, some people sweat glands are highly sensitive to adrenaline: fixing a hormone in the blood, they immediately disclosed. As a result, once a person a little agitated, his body covered with sticky sweat, even without overheating.
In other sweat glands do not know how to closeCauses of Excessive Sweating. Therefore such people in all situations sweat harder than others. Some complain of sweating, even when they are in a cool room with a working air conditioningAnd someone says that sweating even in the pool.
What is Hyperhidrosis
Doctors are two types of hyperhidrosis.
It is an innate characteristic, which leads to excessive sweating. It is called idiopathic hyperhidrosis. Idiopathic in this case - arising, for unknown reasons. And so it is: modern science has not yet understoodWhat is hyperhidrosis?Why sweat glands, some people are beginning to fail.
We only know that such failures begin to appear in childhood and teen age, and in most cases they are local in nature: cancer "dabble" in fixed locations such as the underarms, palms, feet.
According toEpidemiology of Primary Hyperhidrosis International Association of hyperhidrosis, the primary form of this condition suffer an average of about 5% of people. Prevalence secondary hyperhidrosis higher - up to 15%.
The appearance of this type of hyperhidrosis is most often caused by reception of certain drugs, as well as a number of physiological states and diseasesIncluding hormonal. Obesity, pregnancy, menopause, gout, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple tumors, alcohol abuse, diabetes mellitus, Hyperthyroidism - all of which can trigger the development of excessive sweating, which has no direct connection with the adequate and overheating.
Hyperhidrosis in any of its forms are not hazardous to health. But he brings distress and even causes serious psychological trauma, which significantly reduces the quality of life. Therefore, with hyperhidrosis can and must be fought. Moreover, in most cases, it's easier than it seems.
What to do if you have hyperhidrosis
In the case of secondary hyperhidrosis combat excessive sweating must begin with the underlying disease (physiological condition). Consult your doctor: therapist, neurologist, endocrinologist. Specialist help correct lifestyle, to find alternative drugs causing sweating. Often this is enough to forget about constantly wet hands or sweat, effusions whole body.
If you have primary hyperhidrosis, treatment will consist of a combination of preventive and medical measures.
Prevention - the same as in the case of the conventional sweating in the heat. Here's what you need to do in order not to provoke excessive sweating:
- An easy to wear loose clothing made of breathable natural fabrics (cotton, linen).
- Always wear socks or a closed sports shoes.
- Use antiperspirants. Unlike deodorants, they do not just mask the odor, and reduce the amount of perspiration.
- Often take a shower and use a damp cloth.
- Try to reduce the amount of stress.
- Adjust the power by removing from it the products and beverages, which increase perspiration. In particular, alcohol and spicy food.
- Analyze the drugs that you are taking, and with the help of a doctor to find an alternative to those who "sweating" is listed as pobochki.
What if the simple methods do not help
To combat hyperhidrosis exists and heavy artillery: cosmetic and medical procedures that soothe overly sensitive and active sweat glands.
Here it is crucial to remember that such events can only appoint a qualified doctor! To begin, check out a physician or dermatologist: If necessary, they will give direction to a narrower specialist.
That is that, depending on your state can offer the physician.
It is used to correct the local hyperhidrosis - on the palms and feet. Hands and feet are immersed in a bath of warm water, through which allowed a weak electric current. This procedure painless. As a rule, most people lack the 2-4 manipulation of up to half an hour each, to significantly reduce the sweating problem areas.
2. Botox or Dysport
These substances block the nerves that cause the sweat glands too aktivnichat. To achieve sustainable results may take several sessions of injections. True, most likely, the course will have to be repeated about once a year.
3. Admission anticholinergics
These tools also regulate nerve impulses that trigger excessive sweating. As a rule, the majority of patients, a decrease in sweating after about two weeks after the beginning of reception of similar preparations.
4. endoscopic sympathectomy
This surgery, which is performed only in the case if all other tested methods have failed. During surgery, the surgeon simply cuts the nerves that conduct electrical signals to the sweat glands. However, this method has a number of serious contraindications and its use is possible only at certain parts of the body: the palms, underarms and face.
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