If you think that a gluten-free diet is good for your health, and therefore deliberately not buy foods containing wheat, barley and rye, is thus greater damage to the body, what ye good.
What is gluten and what products it contains
The head physician of the medical center Sona Kocharova told what exactly is gluten and why it is necessary to man: "It is a complex plant protein, its task - to connect the other proteins. Contains gluten in many grains such as wheat, oats, barley. Without it, the body does not get sufficient amounts of iron, magnesium and vitamins B and D. Also contains 18 amino acids in its composition, some of which the human body can not synthesize itself. Gluten makes it easy to absorb calcium and phosphorus, which is especially important for infants. "
Exclusion from the diet glyutenosoderzhaschih products lowers the immune system, increases the risk of allergy and asthma development.
Kocharova Sona, the chief doctor of aesthetic medicine center IconLab
Buckwheat, rice, kukruznaya flour does not contain gluten, but the manufacture of the test of these flours have to add special thickeners and fat, which is harmful for the body.
How dangerous gluten
In people with celiac disease, and there are only about 1%, gluten causes a reaction that prevents the absorption of nutrients. Because of this, there are painful symptoms: bloating, diarrhea and nausea.
Symptoms of celiac disease can manifest as slight and strongly expressed: up to intestinal damage, hair loss, and anemia. So people need a gluten-free diet throughout life.
The causes of celiac disease are many, the most important of which - the genetic predisposition.
Petrov Dmitry, a. M. Sc., Associate Professor of Surgery, Faculty of Basic Medicine, Moscow State University
Dmitry Yu cites data from epidemiological studies. Prevalence of celiac disease in the application of immunological methods of diagnosis reaches from 1: 200 to 1: 100 patients. Thus, celiac disease should be referred to a fairly common disease of the small intestine. Celiac disease with severe malabsorption is much rarer - from 1: 6000 to 1: 1000 of the population. On average - 1: 3000.
However, there was trendWhen gluten-free products are increasingly chosen by people who do not suffer from celiac disease, but simply believe such foods healthier.
Growth of sales of gluten-free products as a result of marketing
Sales of gluten-free products grew by 12% worldwide in the last year. By comparison, total product sales increased by 4%.
In the UK, about 30% of the adult population deliberately reduced their consumption glyutenosoderzhaschih products or actively avoid them.
Before long Russia are the world trends in nutrition, so we can see both positive and negative points. Gluten-free diet is no exception.
Khovanskaya Veronica A., nutritionist
Veronica Khovanskaya nutritionist said that a special diet if you are allergic to gluten (celiac disease) is not suitable for those who have no such problems. On the contrary, mindless adherence to it can sow discord in the work of the organs and even weaken the cognitive functions.
Slow carbohydrates are necessary in the diet of a healthy person. Reasonable consumption of carbohydrates combined with adequate physical activity can help to preserve and enhance health.
PhD Petrov Dmitry Y. considers enthusiasm of people question only gluten-free products fashion: "Her popularity is the difficulty for a person without medical training to understand the causes of celiac disease and thus attempts protect myself. In many restaurants you can find gluten-free, which will have a special mark, along with vegetarian menu. But in this case it would be correct and mark in the menu dishes for diabetics and people suffering from intolerance to milk proteins. "
Investigation of the relationship gluten-free products and heart disease
A team of 13 scientists from Harvard and Columbia University in New York said that the gluten-free diet to prevent heart disease can not be recommended for people who are not suffering celiac disease.
"In the medical community and among lay people formed the opinion that gluten can cause obesity, the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in healthy people - wroteLong term gluten consumption in adults without celiac disease and risk of coronary heart disease: prospective cohort study. they are in the British Medical Journal. - As a result of restricting the use of gluten-free diets have become popular. "
Researchers analyzed data from more than 100 000 people suffering from coronary heart disease, and in 1989-2010 years regularly carried out a detailed survey.
We studied the eating habits of health workers (64,714 women and 45,303 men) who were involved in two similar studies of diet and health communication. It was found that those who eat more gluten, often buy products and whole grains.
After adjusting the results, taking into account confounding factors, the researchers concluded that there is no connection between the consumption of gluten and the risk of heart failure.
Petrov Dmitry Y.
Gluten-free diet does not lead to a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Evidence-controlled studies on this subject was not.
The researchers also analyzing a sample of 100,000 respondents, found that eating whole grains It helps to prevent the risk of heart failure and death from cardiovascular diseases.
The conclusion of researchers from Harvard and Columbia University is similar to the recommendations of national experts. Gluten-free products do not prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. People who strictly limited the use of gluten can also considerably reduce the consumption of whole grains and that in the future may be bad for heart health.
Do you practice any special diet?